Robotic design project by Frank Kolkman explores the idea of open source medical technology and whether an approach would be disruptive:

The OpenSurgery initiative investigates whether building DIY surgical
robots, outside the scope of healthcare regulations, could plausibly
provide an accessible alternative to the costly professional healthcare
services worldwide. The project aims to provoke alternative thinking
about medical innovation by challenging the socioeconomic frameworks
healthcare currently operates within. 

You can find out more about the OpenSurgery project here